With mounting losses in Syria and no sign that Turkey’s Western allies are keen to offer sizeable armed forces guidance, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is confronting the restrictions of his method of functioning with the Syrian government’s primary backer, Russia.

Turkey reported Friday that it retaliated versus forces of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, a working day immediately after at minimum 33 of its soldiers were killed by airstrikes in northwestern Syria.